Industrial Revolution Timeline of Inventions


  • 1794 – Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin; Welshmen, Philip Vaughan invents ball bearings

    1797 – Wittemore patents a carding machine; A British inventor, Henry Maudslay invents the first metal or precision lathe

    1799 – Alessandro Volta invents the battery; Louis Robert invents the Fourdrinier Machine for sheet paper making

    1800 – Frenchmen, J.M. Jacquard invents the Jacquard Loom; Count Alessandro Volta invents the battery

    1804 – Richard Trevithick, an English mining engineer, developed the first steam-powered locomotive

    1809 – Humphry Davy invents the first electric light – the first arc lamp

    1814 – George Stephenson designs the first steam locomotive; Joseph Nicéphore Niépce was the first person to take a photograph

    1825 – William Sturgeon invented the electromagnet

    1829 – American, W.A. Burt invents a typewriter

    1830 – Frenchmen, Barthelemy Thimonnier invents a sewing machine

    1831 – American, Cyrus McCormick invents the first commercially successful reaper; Michael Faraday invents a electric dynamo

    1834 – Henry Blair patents a corn planter, he is the second black person to receive a U.S. patent; Jacob Perkins invents an early refrigerator type device – an ether ice machine

    1835 – Englishmen, Henry Talbot invents calotype photography; Englishmen, Francis Pettit Smith invents the propeller; Charles Babbage invents a mechanical calculator

    1836 – Francis Pettit Smith and John Ericcson co-invent the propeller; Samuel Colt invented the first revolver

    1837 – Samuel Morse invents the telegraph

    1839 – American, Charles Goodyear invents rubber vulcanization; Frenchmen, Louis Daguerre and J.N. Niepce co-invent Daguerreotype photography; Kirkpatrick Macmillan invents a bicycle; Welshmen, Sir William Robert Grove conceives of the first hydrogen fuel cell

    1843 – Alexander Bain of Scotland, invents the facsimile

    1845 – American, Elias Howe invents a sewing machine; Robert William Thomson patents the first vulcanized rubber pneumatic tire

    1850 – Joel Houghton was granted the first patent for a dishwasher

    1851 – Isaac Singer invents a sewing machine

    1852 – Henri Giffard builds an airship powered by the first aircraft engine – an unsuccessful design

    1853 – George Cayley invents a manned glider

    1854 – John Tyndall demonstrates the principles of fiber optics

    1855 – Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine motor; Georges Audemars invents rayon

    1858 – Hamilton Smith patents the rotary washing machine; Jean Lenoir invents an internal combustion engine

    1862 – Richard Gatling patents the machine gun; Alexander Parkes invents the first man-made plastic

    1866 – Alfred Nobel invents dynamite; Englishmen Robert Whitehead invents a torpedo

    1867 – Christopher Scholes invents the first practical and modern typewriter

    1868 – Robert Mushet invents tungsten steel; J P Knight invents traffic lights

    1873 – Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire

    1874 – American, C. Goodyear, Jr. invents the shoe welt stitcher

    1876 – Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone; Nicolaus August Otto invents the first practical four-stroke internal combustion engine; Melville Bissell patents the carpet sweeper

    1877 – Thomas Edison invents the cylinder phonograph or tin foil phonograph; Eadweard Muybridge invents the first moving pictures

    1881 – Alexander Graham Bell invents the first crude metal detector; David Houston patents the roll film for cameras; Edward Leveaux patents the automatic player piano

    1884 – George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film; Frenchmen, H. de Chardonnet invents rayon; James Ritty invents the first working, mechanical cash register; Charles Parson patents the steam turbine

    1885 – Harim Maxim invents the machine gun; Karl Benz invents the first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine; Gottlieb Daimler invents the first gas-engined motorcycle

    1886 – Josephine Cochrane invents the dishwasher; Gottlieb Daimler builds the world’s first four-wheeled motor vehicle

    1888 – John Boyd Dunlop patents a commercially successful pneumatic tire; Nikola Tesla invents the AC motor and transformer

    1891 – Jesse W. Reno invents the escalator

    1892 – Rudolf Diesel invents the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine

    1895 – Lumiere Brothers invent a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe. Lumiere Brothers using their Cinematographe are the first to present a projected motion picture to an audience of more that one person

    1898 – Edwin Prescott patents the roller coaster; Rudolf Diesel receives patent #608,845 for an “internal combustion engine” the Diesel engine

    1899 – John Thurman patents the motor-driven vacuum cleaner

    1900 – The zeppelin invented by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin

    1901 – The first radio receiver, successfully received a radio transmission

    1902 – Willis Carrier invents the air conditioner

    1903 – Bottle-making machinery invented by Michael J. Owens; The Wright brothers invent the first gas motored and manned airplane; William Coolidge invents ductile tungsten used in light bulbs

    1904 – Benjamin Holt invents a tractor; John A Fleming invents a vacuum diode or Fleming valve

    1906 – Lewis Nixon invents the first sonar like device; Lee Deforest invents electronic amplifying tube (triode)

    1907 – Leo Baekeland invents the first synthetic plastic called Bakelite; Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere; The very first piloted helicopter was invented by Paul Cornu

    1908 – Cellophane invented by Jacques E. Brandenberger; Model T first sold

    1910 – Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion picture; Georges Claude displayed the first neon lamp to the public on December 11, 1910, in Paris

    1912 – Motorized movie cameras invented, replaced hand-cranked cameras

    1915 – Eugene Sullivan and William Taylor co-invented Pyrex in New York City

    1916 – Radio tuners invented, that received different stations; Stainless steel invented by Henry Brearly

    1921 – Artificial life begins — the first robot built

    1927 – Philo Taylor Farnsworth invents a complete electronic TV system

    1928 – Jacob Schick patented the electric shaver

    1930 – Wallace Carothers and DuPont Labs invents neoprene; The “differential analyzer”, or analog computer invented by Vannevar Bush at MIT in Boston; Frank Whittle and Dr Hans von Ohain both invent a jet engine

    1931 – Germans Max Knott and Ernst Ruska co-invent the electron microscope

    1932 – Karl Jansky invents the radio telescope

    1934 – Joseph Begun invents the first tape recorder for broadcasting – first magnetic recording

    1935 – Wallace Carothers and DuPont Labs invents nylon ( polymer 6.6.); Robert Watson-Watt patented radar

    1936 – Bell Labs invents the voice recognition machine; Samuel Colt patents the Colt revolver

    1937 – Chester F. Carlson invents the photocopier; The first jet engine is built

    1938 – Roy J. Plunkett invented tetrafluoroethylene polymers or Teflon

    1939 – Igor Sikorsky invents the first successful helicopter