• Civics and Government (August-September)

     

    Early Civilizations (September-October)

    • Describe the legacy and cultures of prehistoric people in the
    • Americas
    • Describe the cultures and contributions of the Mogollon, Anasazi, and Hohokam.
    • Identify other groups residing in the Southwest during the period.
    • Identify the early civilizations that developed into empires in Central and South America.
    • Recognize the achievements and features of the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan/Inkan civilizations.
    • Discuss life in Europe as it existed at the time of the Aztec and Incan empires in the Americas.
    • Describe the reasons for Spanish and Portuguese Explorations of the Americas.
    • Describe the impact of European explorers’ encounters with the Aztec and Incan.
    • Locate physical and human features in Arizona using maps, illustrations or images.

     

    Exploration & Colonization (November-December)

    • Describe the reasons for early Spanish exploration of Mexico and the Southwestern region of the United States.
    • Describe the impact of Spanish colonization on the Southwest.
    • Describe the location and cultural characteristics of Native American tribes during the Spanish period.
    • Locate physical and human features in Arizona using maps, illustrations or images.
    • Describe how the Southwest has distinct physical and cultural characteristics.
    • Locate the landform regions of Arizona.
    • Compare the landform regions of Arizona according to their physical features, plants, and animals.
    • Describe how regions and places have distinct characteristics.

     

    Westward Expansion (January)

    • Recognize the change of governance of the Southwest from Spain to Mexico as a result of the Mexican Revolution.
    • Describe the influence of American Explorers and trappers on the development of the Southwest.
    • Describe the events that led to Arizona becoming a possession of the United States.
    • Describe the impact of Native Americans, Hispanics, and newcomers from the United States and the world on the culture of Arizona.
    • Describe the conflict of cultures that occurred between newcomers and Arizona Native Americans.
    • Locate physical and human features in Arizona using maps, illustrations or images.
    • Describe how Mexico and Arizona are connected by the movement of people, goods, and ideas.
    • Describe the impact of geographic features on migration and the location of human activities.
    • Give examples of how voluntary exchanges of goods and services can be mutually beneficial.

     

    Civil War & Reconstruction (February-March)

    • Describe events in Arizona during the Civil War.
    • Describe the economic development of Arizona.
    • Describe the advent of Innovation in transportation that helped Arizona’s growth and economy.
    • Identify key individuals and groups related to Arizona territorial days and early statehood.
    • Recognize that Arizona changed from a territory to a state on February 14, 1912.
    • Recognize the formation of Native American communities and reservations in Arizona.
    • Describe state and national symbols and monuments that represent American democracy and values.
    • Describe Arizona’s transition from territory to statehood.
    • Locate physical and human features in Arizona using maps, illustrations or images.
    • Describe ways in which Arizona has changed over time from statehood to today.
    • Describe factors that have contributed to the settlement, economic development, and growth of major Arizona cities.
    • Describe how the building of transportation routes resulted in human settlement and economic development in Arizona.
    • Describe the major economic activities and land use patterns of regions studied.
    • Explain how price incentives affect peoples’ behavior and choices such as colonial decisions about what crops to grow and which products to produce.

     

    Great Depression and WWII (April)

    • Describe changes in the lives of U.S. and Arizona residents during the Great Depression.
    • Describe the reasons for the U.S. becoming involved in World War II
    • Describe the impact World War II on Arizona.
    • Describe how lives were affected during World War II.
    • Describe changes that took place in Arizona during the postwar era.
    • Describe the influence of key individuals in Arizona.
    • Discuss contributions of diverse populations of Arizona.
    • Describe state and national symbols and monuments that represent American democracy and values.
    • Describe the cultural characteristics of Arizona’s diverse population.
    • Describe elements of culture in areas studied.
    • Describe the impact of extreme natural events on human and physical environments.
    • Describe the impact of human modifications on the physical environment and ecosystems.

     

    Government (May)

    • Describe the varied backgrounds of people living in Arizona.
    • Describe the three branches of State and National Government (Executive, Legislative, Judicial).
    • Describe different levels of government.
    • Describe the responsibilities of the local government.
    • Describe the possible consequences of violating laws.
    • Discuss ways an individual can contribute to a school or community.
    • Identify traits of character that are important to the preservation and improvement of democracy.
    • Describe the importance of citizens being actively involved in the democratic process.
    • Explain the decision for a personal spending choice.
    • Identify that specialization improves standards of living.
    • Describe why state and local governments collect taxes.
    • Describe how education, skills, and career choices affect income.
    • Discuss how profit is an incentive to entrepreneurs.
    • Describe risks that are taken by entrepreneurs.
    • Identify the role of financial institutions in providing services.
    • Describe how interest is an incentive to saving money.

     

    Standards Taught All Year

    • Using timelines, graphs, tables, charts, and maps to interpret historical data.
    • Describe the difference between primary and secondary sources.
    • Locate information using both primary and secondary sources.
    • Describe how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.
    • Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources.
    • Discuss the connections between current and historical events and issues from content studied in American history using information from class discussions and various resources.
    • Use different types of maps to solve problems.
    • Construct maps using symbols to represent human and physical features.
    • Construct charts and graphs to display geographic information.
    • Use geography concepts and skills to find solutions for local, state, or national problems.
    • Explain how price incentives affect peoples’ behavior and choices such as colonial decisions about what crops to grow and which products to produce.
    • Discuss geographic knowledge and skills related to current events.